Fallow deer were introduced to the ranch about 12 years ago and is one of our favorite species on the ranch. A ruminant mammal, it is native to western Eurasia, but has been introduced widely elsewhere. The fallow deer dates back to the 1660s in Ireland.
The uniqueness of the Fallow lies in the four different color variations “common”, “menil”, “melanistic” and “leucistic”. However, the unique palmation shape of the horns is common across the species.
“Common” has a chestnut coat appearance with white mottles or spots. These are most pronounced in summer, turning darker in winter. The tail is light with a black stripe and light colored area around the tail, edged in black.
“Menil”, in the summer, the spots appear more distinct than “common” and in winter the spots are clear on a darker brown coat with no black around the rump patch or on the tail.
“Melanistic” (black) is sometimes called chocolate. Their color remains black with shading to greyish-brown all over. There are no light colored tail patches or spots.
“Leucistic” have an appearance of pure white with no spots, and are not albino.
Adult bucks weigh up to 250 pounds, and does weigh up to 120 pounds. Fawns are born in the spring.They have a lengthy life span of 12-16 years. Only mature bucks from 3 years of age and older have broad and palmated antlers. The first two years the antler is a single spike. The fallow deer do much of their feeding in open grassy areas, traversing throughout the ranch grazing on native pastures and food plots. These animals are beautiful and elusive. The venison is quite delicious and the hides are as sought after as the trophy horns. Rock Creek Ranch is very proud to be a part of the preservation of the fallow species.